Last edited by Kitaur
Wednesday, November 11, 2020 | History

4 edition of Genetic Improvements of Agriculturally Important Crops found in the catalog.

Genetic Improvements of Agriculturally Important Crops

Robert T. Fraley

Genetic Improvements of Agriculturally Important Crops

Progress and Issues (Current Communications in Cell and Molecular Biology)

by Robert T. Fraley

  • 183 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Pr .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Botany & plant sciences,
  • Crop husbandry,
  • Genetic engineering,
  • Genetics (non-medical),
  • Molecular biology,
  • Field Crop Breeding,
  • Science/Mathematics

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsJeff Schell (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages116
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL11215128M
    ISBN 100879693126
    ISBN 109780879693121
    OCLC/WorldCa233583862

      The purpose of this project is to use biotechnology to improve crops. There are four research focuses. First, we will continue to provide our plant genetic transformation expertise and services (maize, soybean, rice, and Brachypodium distachyon) to the public researchers in plant science community nationally and internationally for their efforts in functional studies of . Identifying, accessing, and deploying disease resistance genes can reduce the environmental and economic impact of potato disease management. Wild potato species are rich sources of genes for genetic improvement of the cultivated potato. This project will enhance breeder access to agriculturally useful genes found in wild potatoes. The esculent Lycopersicon esculentum, long thought to be poisonous, has become a major U. S. food crop and source of vitamins and minerals, thanks largely to genetic modification and new production technology Rick () Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is one of the most important solana­.


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Genetic Improvements of Agriculturally Important Crops by Robert T. Fraley Download PDF EPUB FB2

Genetic improvement has played a vital role in enhancing the yield potential of vegetable crops. There are numerous vegetable crops grown worldwide and variable degrees of research on genetics, breeding and biotechnology have been conducted on these : G.

Kalloo. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

Genetic Improvements of Agriculturally Important Crops book   Description. Genetic improvement has played a vital role in enhancing the yield potential of vegetable crops. There are numerous vegetable crops grown worldwide and variable degrees of research on genetics, breeding and biotechnology have been conducted on these crops.

This book brings together the results of such research on crops Book Edition: 1. MS//08/05 "Genetic improvements of agriculturally important crops" MS//08/06 "Field testing genetically modified organisms a framework for decisions" MS//08/07 "The future of food: biotechnology markets and policies in an international setting".

Genetic improvement has played a vital role in enhancing the yield potential of vegetable crops. There are numerous vegetable crops grown worldwide and variable degrees of research on genetics, breeding and Genetic Improvements of Agriculturally Important Crops book have been conducted on these crops.

This book brings together the results of such research on crops grouped as alliums, crucifers, cucurbits, leaf crops 5/5(1). Genetically modified (GM) crops can be produced by Agrobacterium-mediated and biolistic-mediated transformation; for example, of potatoes and rice, respectively.

The outcome is the insertion of one or more agriculturally important genes into new and established cultivars for targeted improvements of by: 1. Crop Improvement. Crop improvement, the engineering of plants for the benefit of humanity, is as old as agriculture itself.

S years ago, primitive people made the transition from hunting and foraging to cultivating crops. With that switch began the continuous process of improving the plants on which we depend for food, fiber, and feed.

In recent times, advancements in DNA sequencing and editing techniques, played vital role in understanding the influence of the microbiomes both at endosphere and rhizosphere level in model plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana as well as in agriculturally important crops.

Different plant beneficial microorganisms, solubilize mineral and nutrients in the soil, mitigate resistance to environmental stresses, suppress pathogens, improve plant growth. Hence, we propose a 5G breeding strategy to dramatically accelerate crop genetic improvement.

The 1st G is G enome assembly for each crop species, the 2nd G is G ermplasm characterized at genomic and agronomic levels, the 3rd G is G ene function identification, the 4th G is G enomic breeding methodologies, and the 5th G is G ene editing technologies (Figure 1).Author: Rajeev K Varshney, Pallavi Sinha, Vikas K Singh, Arvind Kumar, Qifa Zhang, Jeffrey L Bennetzen.

Conclusions. These genome data will be useful to identify and characterize agronomically important genes and understand their modes of action, enabling genomics-based, evolutionary studies, and breeding strategies to design faster, more focused, and predictable crop improvement by: Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops provides key insights into commercialized crops, their improved productivity, disease and pest resistance, and enhanced nutritional or medicinal benefits.

It includes insights into key technologies, such as marker traits identification and genetic traits transfer for increased productivity, examining the latest transgenic advances in a variety.

Genetic engineering of plants has enhanced crop productivity in the face of climate change and a growing global population by conferring desirable genetic traits to agricultural crops. From the Back Cover. This book provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of the genetics and genomics of the agriculturally important Cucurbitaceae plant family, which includes crops such as watermelon, melon, cucumber, summer and winter squashes, pumpkins, and gourds.

Recent years have resulted in tremendous increases in our knowledge Format: Hardcover. Genetically Modified (GM) crops offer improved yields, enhanced nutritional value, longer shelf life, and resistance to drought, frost, or insect pests.

Examples of GM crops include corn varieties containing a gene for a bacterial pesticide that kills larval pests, and soybeans with an inserted gene that renders them resistant to weed-killers. For the most part, this report concerns crop plant germplasm with some reference to the germplasm of agriculturally important livestock and microbes.

For some readers, this focus will represent an unduly narrow and restricted view of the crisis now faced in conserving global biological or genetic diversity.

In the first section, you will find: the general principles of breeding crops for stress resistance genetic engineering and molecular biology procedures for crop improvement for stress. Many of these species are common, even weedy, and are easily overshadowed by rare or endangered plants.

Nevertheless, because of their genetic proximity to agriculturally important crops or direct use, they deserve to be recognized, celebrated, conserved, and made available to support food and agricultural security.

Agricultural genomics is a rich field that has been contributing to advances in crop development for decades. From sequencing reference genomes to genotyping for genome-wide association studies to genomic prediction, advances in technology and applications have led to breakthroughs in crop improvement.

Crops undergo artificially DNA modifications for improvements are considered as genetically modified (GM) crops. These modifications could be in indigenous DNA or by introduction of foreign DNA as transgenes. There are 29 different crops and fruit trees in 42 countries, which have been successfully modified for various traits like herbicide tolerance, insect/pest Author: Shahid Nazir, Muhammad Zaffar Iqbal, Sajid-ur-Rahman.

Thus, an important goal for genetic improvement of agricultural crops is to adapt our existing food crops to increasing temperatures, decreased water availability in some places and flooding in others, rising salinity, and changing pathogen and insect threats (W orld B ank ; G regory et al.

; R oyal S ociety ). Such improvements Cited by: The courseware material is prepared as per ICAR approved syllabus for the benefit of under-graduate students already enrolled in Indian Agricultural Universities. List of ICAR eCourse for Agriculture.

Author (s) Name. Agricultural Finance & Cooperation. Agricultural Marketing Trade and Prices. Agricultural Microbiology. Maize (Zea mays) is one of the most diverse crop species and a plant model in genetic studies; globally, it is also the most widely planted crop and an essential component in feeding an increasing world population.

Researches have paid particular attention to maize functional gene discovery with an expectation to accelerate genetic improvement. Since dairy animals are bred in a wide range of local production conditions, the list of candidate functional traits may be large, including components of milk feed efficiency (body weight, feed intake and body reserves), reproduction traits (sexual precocity, out-of-season calving/lambing/kidding ability, Cited by: 5.

marker-assisted selection as a tool for genetic improvement of crops, livestock, forestry and fish in developing countries: an overview of the issues 3 John Ruane and Andrea Sonnino Chapter 2 an assessment of the use of molecular markers in developing countries 15 Andrea Sonnino, Marcelo J.

Carena, Elcio P. Guimarães. Improvement of the next generation calf crop is dependent upon the breeding decisions you make. Herd sire selection should be a thought provoking and profit driven decision process. Males account for approximately 90% of the gene pool, contributing more to the genetic makeup of a herd in one breeding season than a cow contributes in her.

GENETIC IMPROVEMENTS IN AGRICULTURE. The Distant Past (>10, years ago to ) Homo sapiens originated–years ago Major crops were domesticated The progeny of two genetically different parents often show enhanced growth – this effect isFile Size: 7MB. With high productivity and stress tolerance, numerous grass genera of the Andropogoneae have emerged as candidates for bioenergy production.

To optimize these candidates, research examining the genetic architecture of yield, carbon partitioning, and composition is required to advance breeding objectives. Significant progress has been made developing genetic Cited by: Use of Biotechnology in Agriculture— Benefits and Risks.

Ania Wieczorek Department of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences. What is biotechnology, and how is it used in agriculture. Biotechnology is the application of scientific techniques to modify and improve plants, animals, and microor­ ganisms to enhance their value.

Agricultural biotech­. Mobilizing genetic diversity for crop improvement, Establish initiatives to exploit the use of genomics and precision breeding to genetically improve traits of agriculturally important organisms.

Genetic improvement programs in crops and animals are an essential component of agricultural sustainability. The National Academies Press. doi. The purpose of this project is to provide DNA blueprints (physical frameworks) of the genomes of crop plants that can be used by plant geneticists for crop improvement.

Genetic Improvements in Agriculture focuses on the genetic improvements that led to high-yielding plants, but the genetic potential of these new varieties was realized by increased application of fertilizers, increased mechanization of genetically improved crop plants but also on governments’.

Genetic strategies for improving the yield and sustainability of agricultural crops, and the resilience of crops in the face of biotic and abiotic stresses contingent on projected climate change Cited by: Production systems were improved during the 17 th century, with the rise of professional farming and selective breeding of livestock.

[2] With the emergence of the field of genetics (the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics) in the 20 th century, a remarkable diversity and improvement of livestock occurred around the. genetic engineering directly to animals for genetic improvement.

Several important biotechnological applications such as the production of recombinant proteins in bioreactors (Houdebine, ), disease diagnostic (McKeever and Rege, ), feedstuff processing (Bonneau and Laarveld, ) and production of vaccines (Eloit, ), proteins. Apr. 23, — Whiteflies are among the most important agricultural pests in the world, yet they have been difficult to genetically manipulate and control, in part, because of their small size.

Specialty crops are an economically important in California and are increasingly recognized as critically important to sustained human health.

However, the applications of molecular genetic strategies to improve California specialty crops has been limited by the identification of specific strategies for improvement and by the existence of significant intellectual property barriers. This book provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of the genetics and genomics of the agriculturally important Cucurbitaceae plant family, which includes crops such as watermelon, melon, cucumber, summer and winter squashes, pumpkins, and gourds.

GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS No Data 0 - 1 1 - 3 3 - 9 > 9 Area under GM crops (million ha, ) Chart Genetically modified crops also becoming important in developing countries Area under GM crops () ha 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 IndustrialDeveloping Source: Clive James, ISAAAFile Size: 2MB. Biotechnology, genetic engineering, and recombinant (r) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) genetic modification methods are techniques that can be very useful in pursuing important improvements in food production and the food supply (e.g., enhancing the nutritional content of specific foods).

☯ Full Synopsis: "This book provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of the genetics and genomics of the agriculturally important Cucurbitaceae plant family, which includes crops such as watermelon, melon, cucumber, summer and winter squashes, pumpkins, and gourds.

Recent years have resulted in tremendous increases in our. for specific uses. Agricultural biotechnology is the term used in crop and livestock improvement through biotechnology tools.

This monograph will focus only on agricultural crop biotechnology. Biotechnology encompasses a number of tools and elements of conventional breeding techniques, bioinformatics, microbiology, molecular genetics, biochemistry.

Grow Faster, Grow Stronger: Speed-Breeding Crops to Feed the Future Plant breeders are fast-tracking genetic improvements in food crops to keep pace with global warming and a growing human : Knvul Sheikh.The ability to carry out routine gene editing, not GMOs, of agriculturally important organisms will allow for precise and rapid improvement of traits important for productivity and quality.